[INDONESIA-VIEWS] ALAN - Tipu Mrs. Parker ...

From: apakabar@saltmine.radix.net
Date: Tue May 29 2001 - 12:38:57 EDT


Date: Tue, 29 May 2001 07:26:06 -0400
From: Alan <c_alan@operamail.com>
To: apakabar@radix.net
Subject: Tipu Mrs Parker Re: RMS TIDAK BERSALAH (2)

>From: "Joshua Latupatti" <joshualatu@hotmail.com>
>To: apakabar@radix.net
>Subject: RMS TIDAK BERSALAH (2)
>Date: Thu, 17 May 2001 10:46:28
>RMS TIDAK BERSALAH (2)
>--------------------------------------
>REPUBLIK MALUKU
>The Case for Self-determination
>A Briefing Paper OF
>HUMANITARIAN LAW PROJECT INTERNATIONAL EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
>AND ASSOCIATION OF HUMANITARIAN LAWYERS
>Prepared by
>Karen Parker, J.D.
>Presented to
>The United Nations Commission on Human Rights; 1996 Session
>March
>Geneva
>Humanitarian Law Project ; International Educational Development
>8124 West Third Street ; Los Angeles, California 90048
>tel. (213) 653-6583; fax. (213) 653-2741
>Humanitarian Law Project/International Educational Development (HLP/IED) is
>a non-sectarian, non-governmental organization granted consultative status
>at the United Nations by Dag Hammarskjold. IED was originally founded by
>Jesuit fathers to assist hospitals and schools in developing countries. In
>1989 IED merged with the Los Angeles-based Humanitarian Law Project (HLP)
>and broadened its scope to advocate and promote world-wide compliance with
>human rights and humanitarian law.
>Karen Parker, a director of HLP/IED, is an attorney at law specializing in
>human rights and humanitarian law. She is the organization's chief
>representative to the United Nations, Geneva and New York.
>This report was funded by a grant from the Association of Humanitarian
Lawyers.

Alan:
Allow me to translate this for you,
Briefing paper dari organisasi yang berasal dari ordo Jesuit yang sudah
menjadi humanis sekuler. Organisasi ini bekerja untuk mencari isu-isu yang
bisa diangkat guna kelangsungan organisasi sosial ini, supaya orang-orang yang
tidak punya pekerjaan (kebanyakan karena sudah kebanyakan uang) bisa bekerja
di sini.
In english: Just another version of Jesuit that try to fight their own version
of crusade because they don't believe in crusification, nor Christ, any more.

>REPUBLIK MALUKU: THE CASE FOR SELF-DETERMINATION

Alan:
Dari judulnya sudah memperlihatkan pemutarbalikan fakta secara halus. Tidak
pernah ada Republik Maluku. Gerakan separatis yang pernah ada adalah Republik
Maluku Selatan. Dua hal yang berbeda antara langit dan bumi.

>....cut.....
>INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
>Republik Maluku (the Moluccan Islands or the Maluku) form an island group
>off the eastern-most part of the present-day Indonesia. The Malukan
>(Moluccan) people are part of the Melanesian people called Alifoeroes and
>have occupied the islands since at least 1000 B.C.
>The Maluku were famed since the early centuries B.C. for their spices which
>brought many nations to seek trading relations with them. In the early
>1600's, the Netherlands colonized the islands, beginning with the seizure of
>Ambon in 1605. The Netherlands ultimately seized all of the area and what is
>presently known as Indonesia.

Alan:
"THE NETHERLANDS ULTIMATELY SEIZED ALL OF THE AREA AND WHAT IS PRESENTLY KNOWN
AS INDONESIA."
Maluku adalah bagian dari Dutch East Indies. Ribuan orang maluku tersebar di
Nusantara dan di dunia, sebagian menjadi pegawai, pelaut atau prajurit Belanda
(sebagaimana orang Jawa, Manado, bahkan Aceh dan banyak daerah lain dalam
lingkup lebih kecil).

>Revolts by the Malukan people in 1636 and 1646
>were severely put down by the Dutch administrators. During World War II, the
>whole of the Netherlands East Indies were seized by the Japanese forces and
>held from 1942 to 1945. However, in Maluku, the Malukan people fled to the
>mountains and maintained a continual war of resistance by what became known
>as the South Moluccan Brigade against the Japanese occupiers.

Alan:
Pembelokan sejarah dilakukan disini dengan tidak menyebutkan bahwa orang-orang
ini adalah kalangan serdadu Belanda. Sehingga seolah-olah ada sebuah gerakan
"Maluku Selatan".

>In the post-war period, the Netherlands and political leaders from the
>islands of the Netherlands East Indies met to work out independence plans.
>The Moluccan people viewed the process with favor because it was thought
>that independence from the Dutch would mean sovereignty for the Moluccas.

Alan:
Pernyataan konyol yang tanpa memberi dasar sama sekali. Ini menunjukkan
briefing ini lebih tepat disebut propaganda tanpa dasar. Mrs Parker tidak
menjelaskan darimana beliau memperoleh kesimpulan konyol seperti ini.
Bagaimana logikanya pemimpin yang menginginkan kemerdekaan regional mendukung
para tokoh Republiken yang notabene unionis.
Propaganda murahan.
Para pemimpin Maluku pada zaman perang kemerdekaan adalah kaum republiken
tulen. Kecuali tentunya segelintir kolaborator mantan pegawai Belanda.

>After a series of interim agreements, the Round Table Conference Agreements
>were signed in 1949 which were to settle the handing over of power to the
>new state, the United States of Indonesia, and which provided mechanisms for
>the component areas to chose or opt out of the new Indonesia. The Agreements
>granted the Malukans the right to determine their ultimate sovereignty:
>Malukans were to have a choice whether to join with the new state Indonesia
>or whether to reestablish their historic independent status.
>The Round Table Agreements were violated within a year of signing. In
>response, the Moluccan people severed ties with East Indonesia and from the
>United States of Indonesia. On April 25, 1950, they declared the Republik
>Maluku Selatan (South Moluccas Republic), comprising the historic islands of
>the Malukan people: Amboina, Buru, Ceram and the adjoining islands. At this
>time, the United States of Indonesia did not yet formally exist, not
>becoming fully independent until August 17, 1950.

Alan:
An all bullshit paragraph. Kesimpulan yang salah dari fakta-fakta yang
ditutupi dan dibelokkan. Republik Indonesia Serikat mendapat pengakuan
internasional sejak Desember 1949, setelah Perjanjian Meja Bundar di
ratifikasi oleh kedua belah pihak. Republik Indonesia telah ada sejak 17
Agustus 1945, dan mendapat pengakuan internasional dari posisinya dalam
negosiasi dengan Kerajaan Belanda, yaitu sebagai pihak Republiken, Unionis
Indonesia, salah satu unsur dalam RIS. Tulisan ini juga mengabaikan kenyataan
bahwa sebenarnya yang berhadapan dengan perunding Belanda dalam semua
perundingan adalah kaum Republiken. Bahkan dalam pengakuan kedaulatan, RIS
diwakili oleh Sultan Hamengkubuwono yang menggunakan seragam Jenderal TNI.
Jadi jelas, secara de-facto Perundingan Meja Bundar hanyalah jalan bagi
Kerajaan Belanda untuk keluar dari Indonesia tanpa harus melalui kekalahan
militer akibat perang gerilya yang berkepanjangan.
Sedang mengenai RMS, yang terjadi sebenarnya (yang akan saya jelaskan
berdasarkan fakta-fakta yang dipaparkan oleh Mrs. Parker sendiri dalam tulisan
ini) adalah, pemberontakan dari kelompok separatis yang mendapat dukungan dari
beberapa oknum asing. Pemberontakan ini 100% bertentangan dengan seluruh
perjanjian yang disebutkan dalam dokumen Mrs Parker ini.

>....cut....
>THE LINGGADJATI AGREEMENT
>The first major decolonization instrument between the Government of the
>Netherlands and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia is the
>Linggadjati Agreement of 25 March 1947. The parties agreed that the new
>state of Indonesia "was to be a sovereign democratic state on a federal
>basis."
>....cut.....
>Key provisions of the agreement include the following: Article
>3: The United States of Indonesia shall comprise the entire territory of the
>Netherlands Indies with the provision, however, that in the case the
>population of any territory, after due consultation with the other
>territories, should decide by democratic process that they are not, or not
>yet, willing to join the United States of Indonesia, they can establish a
>special relationship for such a territory to the United States of Indonesia
>and to the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

Alan:
Republik Indonesia Serikat akan terdiri atas seluruh bekas wilayak Netherlands
Indies. Kalau ada daerah yang keberatan, mereka dapat membentuk HUBUNGAN
KHUSUS dengan RIS dan Kerajaan Belanda melalui proses DEMOKRATIS, setelah
BERKONSULTASI dengan wilayah lain.

>Article 4: (1) The component parts of the United States of Indonesia shall
>be the Republic of Indonesia, Borneo, and the Great East without prejudice
>to the right of the population of any territory to decide by democratic
>process that its position in the United States of Indonesia shall be
>arranged otherwise.

Alan:
Komponen RIS adalah RI, Kalimantan, Timur Raya, dengan tidak mengabaikan
hak-hak populasi daerah untuk menentukan posisinya DI DALAM RIS, dengan proses
demokrasi.

>Article 5: (1) The constitution of the United States of Indonesia shall be
>determined by a constituent assembly composed of the democratically
>nominated representatives of the Republic and of the future partners of the
>United States of Indonesia to which the following paragraph of this article
>shall apply.
>(2) Both parties shall consult each other on the method of participation in
>this constituent assembly by the Republic of Indonesia, by the territories
>not under the authority of the Republic and by the groups of the population
>not, or insufficiently, represented with due observance of the
>responsibility of the Netherlands Government and the Government of the
>Republic, respectively.

Alan:
Kedua belah pihak (Belanda dan RIS) harus merundingkan metode partisipasi
dalam majelis konstituante, bagi Republik Indonesia, daerah yang tidak dibawah
otoritas Republik Indonesia dan kelompok minoritas. Pada akhir RIS, seluruh
wilayah berada dibawah otoritas Republik Indonesia.

>....cut.....
>THE RENVILLE AGREEMENT
>....cut.....

Alan:
Tidak dijelaskan disini bahwa sebelum dan setelah Renville Kerajaan Belanda
secara sistematis menyerang dan menduduki wilayah-wilayah Republik, dan
mendapat perlawanan gencar dari kaum republiken, termasuk dari putra-putra
Maluku.

>Point 3. It is understood that decisions concerning changes in
>administration of territory should be made only with the free and full
>consent of the populations of those territories....
>x x x
>Point 11. A sovereign State on a federal basis under a Constitution which
>will be arrives at by democratic process.
>Additional Principles:
>Point 6. Should any state decide not to ratify the Constitution and desire
>in accordance with the principles of articles 3 and 4 of the Linggadjati
>Agreement, to negotiate a special relationship with the United States of
>Indonesia and the Kingdom of the Netherlands, neither party will object.
>(Underlining added).

Alan:
Kalau ada state yang memutuskan tidak meratifikasi konstitusi dan memutuskan
untuk MERUNDINGKAN HUBUNGAN KHUSUS dengan RIS dan Kerajaan Belanda, kedua
pihak tidak akan menolak.

>Between the time of the Renville Agreement and the Round Table Conference,
>there were accusations on both sides of violations of the Linggadjati and
>Renville Agreements. For example, the government of Indonesia considered
>that the formation of component states (called "negaras") West and East
>Java, Madura and East and South Sumatra in the area controlled by the
>Netherlands was done in contradiction of the Renville Agreement.

Alan:
Highlight "Belanda melakukan pelanggaran." Tidak dijelaskan disini tentang
skala konflik militer yang demikian besar karena perlawanan dari kaum
Republiken. Juga tidak dijelaskan bahwa banyak putra Maluku berada di pihak
kaum Republiken dan berperang menghadapi tentara Kerajaan Belanda untuk satu
Republik Indonesia.

>The government of the Netherlands, with the help of the South Moluccan
Brigade,
>repulsed a Javanese invasion of East Indonesia.

Alan:
Another bullshit. Propaganda murahan. Saya tidak mengerti dimana Mrs Parker
belajar sejarah. Yang benar, putra-putra daerah yang berasal dari Indonesia
Timur pulang ke daerahnya untuk menghadapi agresi Belanda serta upaya belanda
mendirikan negara-negara kecil yang tunduk kepadanya, untuk memperkuat upaya
Belanda menegakkan kembali administrasi NICA.
Mrs. Parker seolah-olah tidak tahu bahwa Belanda sudah di usir oleh Jepang.
Belanda yang tinggal di Indonesia tinggal di kamp tahanan Jepang. Tidak ada
Belanda tersisa di Indonesia. Jadi kalau ada Belanda di Indonesia Timur, itu
karena mereka terlebih dahulu menyerang dan menduduki wilayah-wilayah
Republik. Belanda menurunkan bendera merah putih di Indonesia Timur dan
menggantinya dengan merah putih biru. Itulah sebabnya putra-putra daerah
bersama-sama dengan saudara-saudara mereka kaum republiken kembali ke
daerahnya untuk merebut daerah yang di invasi oleh Belanda tersebut.
Dan memang mereka berhadapan dengan serdadu NICA, yang sebagian memang
kolaborator yang direkrut Belanda dari rakyat setempat.
Ungkapan "Javanesse invasion" merupakan penipuan besar dari Mrs Parker. TNI
zaman itu tersusun dari berbagai ras, suku, dan agama. Beliau mungkin
pura-pura tidak tahu (atau memang tidak tahu dan tidak mau tahu) bahwa
Panglima Tentara Jawa adalah Nasution, seorang Batak.

>THE PROVISIONAL CONSTITUTION
>...cut.....
>However, the Provisional Constitution, as presented at the Round Table
>Conference made no provision for the opting-out measures agreed upon by the
>parties in the Linggadjati and Renville Agreements.

Alan:
no provision for the opting-out measures

>UNITED NATIONS ACTION UP TO ROUND TABLE CONFERENCE
>The United Nations became involved in the situation through a Committee of
>Good Offices on the Indonesian Question of the Security Council. From its
>formation in 1947 until it was disbanded in 1949, the Committee of Good
>Offices sought peaceful resolution of all conflicts arising in the
>decolonization process, and was called upon during times of armed actions
>between the Netherlands forces and those called "Republican" forces of the
>various component parts of the area. For example, following military action
>beginning on 19 December 1948 and based in part by the efforts of the
>Committee of Good Offices, the Security Council adopted a resolution calling
>on the Government of the Netherlands and the Government of the Republic to
>cease armed conflict and calling on the Government of the Netherlands to
>release political prisoners and to facilitate the return of Indonesian
>authorities.
>....cut.....

Alan:
Harap di perhatikan: "...the Security Council adopted a resolution calling
on the Government of the Netherlands and the Government of the Republic to
cease armed conflict..."
Tidak dijelaskan bahwa Belanda melakukan agresi ke Republik Indonesia dan
menduduki seluruh wilayah Republik. Bukan sekedar melanggar perjanjian, tetapi
melakukan serangan militer dan menduduki.

>THE ROUND TABLE CONFERENCE
>....cut.....
>By special reference to the Renville Agreement, it was clear that the
>Conference was to establish legal rights and responsibilities of the
>Netherlands and the new Indonesia, especially in regard to the component
>states of the Dutch colonial administration in order to safeguard the right
>of the component states to self- determination.

Alan:
Asumsi yang baik, tapi sekali lagi, tidak berdasar, spekulatif, dan
terbantahkan oleh kalimat berikutnya, bahwa isu self-determination tidak
diangkat hingga hari terakhir. Reference ke Renville Agreement tidak
menunjukkan penekanan Meja Bundar atas self-determination.
Faktanya, Meja Bundar adalah penyerahan kedaulatan Netherlands kepada kaum
Republiken Indonesia.

>The issue of self-determination was not raised at the Round Table Conference
>until the last days partly because, as described above, the formulation of
>relevant articles on the Provisional Constitution did not incorporate
>self-determination as set out in the Linggadjati and Renville Agreements. At
>the Conference itself, the parties could not reach agreement until the
>United Nations Commission for Indonesia proposed terms in conformity with
>the Linggadjati and Renville terms. All parties agreed to this formulation
>that became Article 2 of the Third Agreement (Transitional Measures)
>providing, in pertinent part:
>....cut.....
>Paragraph 2 of the same article sets out rights of components states that do
>not ratify the new Constitution of Indonesia:
>Article 2 2. Each component state shall be given the opportunity to ratify
>the final constitution. In case a component state does not ratify that
>constitution, it will be allowed to negotiate about a special relationship
>towards the Republic of Indonesia and the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

Alan:
IT WILL BE ALLOWED TO NEGOTIATE ABOUT A SPECIAL RELATIONSHIP TOWARDS THE RI
and Netherlands. Not to negotiatie about a separation from the Republic.
Kesimpulan Meja Bundar sangat jelas, Republik Indonesia adalah seluruh wilayah
bekas Netherland Indies. Daerah yang tidak setuju dengan hasil konstituante
dapat mengajukan permintaan hubungan istimewa. Bukan untuk memberontak.

>It is patently clear that the Round Table Conference Agreements gave the
>Malukan people the prerogative to refuse incorporation into the Republic of
>the United States of Indonesia either by exercise of a negative vote in a
>pre-incorporation plebiscite or by refusing to ratify the Provisional
>Constitution.

Alan:
Patently clear to Mrs Parker dumb brain. Damned oportunist. Cheap propaganda.
Even Saddam could do better.

>INDONESIA VIOLATES THE ROUND TABLE CONFERENCE AGREEMENTS
>Soon after signing of the Round Table Conference Agreement, the government
>of the Republic of Indonesia, headed by President Sukarno, made moves to
>establish all of Indonesia as a unitary state. By the first meeting of
>Parliament, 15 February 1950, President Sukarno referred to the "temporary
>nature" of the Republic and the "provisional character" of the Constitution.
>The Emergency Law of 7 March 1950 of the Republic of Indonesia provided for
>"political reforms", including plebiscites, but there were many exceptions
>to the right of plebiscite and in fact, no plebiscites were held. Beginning
>with the Decree of 9 March 1950 which incorporated East Java, Central Java,
>Madura, Padang and Sabang into the Republic of Indonesia, a series of
>decrees incorporated all but East Sumatra and East Indonesia. The High
>Commissioner of the Netherlands addressed an appeal to the United Nations
>Commission for Indonesia questioning how Indonesia could comply with Article
>2 of the Round Table Conference Agreements regarding the right to
>self-determination.

Alan:
Sebagaimana sebelumnya pemerintah Belanda memotong wilayah RI hingga sebesar
wilayah yang di klaimnya (seluruh Indonesia), adalah wajar bahwa setelah Meja
Bundar RI berusaha memulihkan kembali kekuasaannya di wilayah yang di klaimnya
(seluruh Indonesia). Sebelum Meja Bundar, Belanda berupaya menguasai kembali
Indonesia, dan kerangka RIS tidak lebih dari media Belanda untuk mencapai
tujuan tersebut. Namun secara cerdik kaum republiken menggunakan kerangka RIS
untuk perjuangan kemerdekaan pula. Secara demokratis, kaum republiken
mendominasi RIS termasuk dari perwakilan-perwakilan daerah-daerah bentukan
Belanda. Hingga pimpinan RIS tidak berbeda dengan pimpinan RI.

Harus dicatat bahwa bergabungnya daerah-daerah ke Republik adalah atas
kehendak sendiri. Tidak ada invasi militer ke Padang, Madura, Jawa Timur, atau
ke Indonesia Timur. Pada kebanyakan kasus para pemimpin daerah menyatakan
kesetiaanya pada Republik Indonesia, dan dengan demikian bergabung dengan
Republik Indonesia. Yang ada hanyalah serangan atas posisi-posisi pasukan
pendudukan Belanda di semua daerah di Indonesia.

>The United Nations Commission for Indonesia, though signatory to the
>Covering Resolution to the Round Table Conference Agreements, did not
>consider itself a party to the agreements. It stated this position in a
>letter addressed to the parties on 24 June 1950 that the responsibility to
>execute the Round Table Conference Agreements - including the Agreement on
>transitional Measures - is the burden of solely the two countries
>[The Commission's] responsibility as an international organ entrusted with
>the task of observing the agreements was necessarily secondary to that of
>the two parties. Consequently, the Commission had so far regarded it as
>inappropriate to take action on the basis of the provisions of the Round
>Table Conference Agreement without being first approached in the matter by
>at least one of the parties.

Alan:
Ada protes dari komisioner tinggi Belanda tetapi tidak langsung dari
pemerintah Belanda sebagai penandatangan Meja Bundar. Protes tersebut hanya
berkaitan dengan "keraguan". UN Commision for Indonesia menolak protes
tersebut karena protes hanya bisa diajukan oleh pihak penandatangan. Dan
Belanda sama-sekali tidak berkeberatan dengan aksi Republik Indonesia
tersebut, karena memang bagi Belanda, Meja Bundar hanyalah jalan keluar dengan
kepala tegak dari Indonesia setelah merasa tidak mampu menguasai kembali bekas
koloni-nya ini.

>The Government of the United States of Indonesia transmitted a letter of 8
>June to the United Nations Commission for Indonesia stating that the
>Government of Indonesia would guarantee the right to self-determination of
>the peoples of Indonesia by establishing autonomous communities or
>provinces. The letter stated that Indonesia was making preparations to hold
>general elections to a constituent assembly as specified by the Provisional
>Constitution; and that the Government and the constituent assembly would
>legislate the final constitution "displaying the real democratic features of
>the unitary state."

Alan:
Republik Indonesia menjawab dengan janji mengadakan pemilu demokratis dan
membentuk dewan konstituante. Yang diwujudkan pada tahun 1955. Serta
pembentukan daerah istimewa.

>Efforts to create a unitary state met resistance in East Indonesia and
>serious conflicts began on the Malukan island of Amboina. The disputes led
>East Indonesia to appeal to the United Nations Commission for Indonesia 12
>April 1950. Talks between the governments of the Republic of Indonesia and
>the United States of Indonesia continued following an agreement of 19 May
>1950. By July, full agreement was reach to create a unitary state containing
>ten provinces. East Indonesia was to be divided into three provinces: Lesser
>Sunda, Celebes and the Moluccas. On 15 August 1950, President Sukarno
>proclaimed the establishment of the Republic of Indonesia as a unitary State
>- in audience were members of the diplomatic corps accredited in Djakarta
>and members of the United Nations Commission for Indonesia.
>[SEE PART II]

Alan:
Persetujuan di capai, Indonesia Timur di bagi atas 3 provinsi. 15 Agustus 1950
Presiden Sukarno memproklamasikan kembalinya Indonesia menjadi satu Republik
Indonesia, sebagai negara kesatuan, sebagai penerus dari Republik Indonesia
yang di proklamasikan pada 17 Agustus 1945. Dihadiri oleh UN Commission for
Indonesia, dan duta besar negara-negara sahabat.
Tidak ada keberatan dari Belanda, atau UN Commision, atau negara-negara lain.
RIS di bubarkan karena seluruh komponen Netherland East Indies telah bergabung
dengan Republik Indonesia, dengan demikian tidak ada lagi kepentingan
mewujudkan RIS karena sudah tidak ada states.
Dengan sendirinya, tidak ada lagi RIS yang merupakan pihak dalam Meja Bundar.
Secara hukum RI tidak terikat dengan sebagian besar perjanjian Meja Bundar
karena perjanjian tersebut antara RIS dengan Belanda.
Sekalipun demikian, RI telah memberikan komitmennya kepada UN untuk menjadi
negara demokratis, dengan membentuk provinsi-provinsi, menyelenggarakan pemilu
yang demokratis, serta membentuk dewan konstituante sebagaimana di amanatkan
oleh Meja Bundar. Tetapi tidak dalam kerangka perjanjian, melainkan sebagai
komitmen selaku salah satu unsur RIS.

Pemilu tahun 1955 adalah pemilu paling demokratis di Indonesia. Tingkat
keikutsertaan dalam pemilu menunjukkan pengesahan rakyat atas Republik
Indonesia. Dengan demikian tidak lagi diperlukan adanya plebisit regional.
Rakyat yang sudah memilih wakilnya di Republik Indonesia otomatis juga memberi
dukungan pada Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia.

Hal ini membuat UN Commission for Indonesia-pun dibubarkan. Karena secara
prinsip, legal, maupun faktual, proses dekolonialisasi Netherland East Indies
telah selesai. Dan inti dari dekolonisasi East Indies bukan pada perjanjian
Meja Bundar yang dibuat antara RIS dengan Belanda, melainkan pada komitmen
atas demokrasi. Dan hal itu telah dipenuhi melalui pemilu 1955.

>[MOLUCCAS REPORT - PART II]
>
>THE REPUBLIK MALUKU SELATAN DECLARED
>Anticipating the ultimate annihilation of a federated state of Indonesia and
>alarmed by the rapid engulfment of much of the area to Javanese control of
>the Republic of Indonesia, on 25 April 1950, the Republik Maluku Selatan
>(Republic of the South Moluccas) was formed by the Malukan people and it
>declared its separation from both the East Indonesian State and from the
>United States of Indonesia. The Malukans were acutely aware that no
>plebiscites had been carried out and that none were planned for either their
>own determination nor the determination of any other of the many nations
>incorporated in the Netherlands East Indies.

Alan:
Tidak ada pemilihan umum di Maluku yang menunjukkan bahwa RMS dibentuk oleh
rakyat Maluku. Segelintir orang pro-Belanda yang anti republiken berusaha
untuk membuat negara-nya sendiri, terlepas dari Indonesia.
Para tokoh RMS mengabaikan unsur negosiasi, tidak mencoba membangun hubungan
khusus dengan RIS dan Kerajaan Belanda sebagaimana diamanatkan dalam Meja
Bundar, melainkan secara sepihak menyatakan melepaskan diri dari Negara
Indonesia Timur (bentukan Belanda), maupun dari RIS. RMS segera membentuk
angkatan perang bersenjata yang di dominasi oleh mantan KNIL. Jadi jelas RMS
bertentangan dengan seluruh isi perjanjian Meja Bundar, dan itu hal yang wajar
karena RMS bukan penandatangan Meja Bundar, RMS hanyalah gerombolan
pemberontak yang mencoba memancing di air keruh.

Perlu dicatat bahwa RMS memberontak dalam pemerintahan RIS (25 April 1950),
bukan setelah pemerintahan NKRI (17 Agustus 1950).

Kasus ini tidak memiliki bahasa lain selain Pemberontakan bersenjata, dan
ditanggapi secara proporsional oleh pemerintah RIS. Setelah negosiasi gagal,
APRIS dikirimkan guna menanggulangi pemberontakan. Putra-putra Maluku sendiri,
yang selama perang kemerdekaan berjuang di pihak Republik, pulang ke Maluku
bersama dengan APRIS guna mengakhiri pemberontakan separatis bersenjata RMS.

>The Republic of Indonesia unsuccessfully attempted to negotiate a settlement
>with the Republik Maluku Selatan and finally on 13 July 1950, they landed
>armed forces on the Malukan islands of Buru and Ceram. The Malukan forces
>were depleted at the time because about 4,000 of them who had been
>incorporated into the Royal Netherlands East Indian Army (KNIL) but
>transferred to the Royal Netherlands Army (KL) in 1950 were not able to join
>local Malukan armed forces. The Government of Republik Maluku Selatan sent
>appeals to the United Nations on the 26th 29th, 31th of July, the 2nd, 11th,
>14th of August, and on the 28th of September 1950. The United Nations
>Commission for Indonesia, in its concern for the civilian populations,
>communicated its readiness to give assistance to the Indonesian Government
>(the new unitary state) on 4 August and again on 25 September in order to
>help peacefully resolve the conflict.
>The Indonesian Foreign Minister Dr. Mohammad Hatta, in his reply on 30
>September, responded that it was the belief of his government that
>intervention by the United Nations Commission for Indonesia would not be of
>use because it would constitute only an encouragement for the "rebels" who
>may see the apparent international attention as an affirmation of their
>case. In the meantime, Indonesian forces landed on and attacked the main
>South Moluccan island of Amboina.
>On 6 October 1950, the United Nations Commission for Indonesia once again
>tried to ask Indonesia to
>halt the present military operations in the South Moluccas, and, even at
>this late stage, to further explore the possibility of a peaceful settlement
>by accepting the Commission's offer of good offices.

Alan:
UN Commission menawarkan diri sebagai penengah untuk menghentikan konflik
militer. Pemerintah RIS selaku negara berdaulat menolak penawaran tersebut.
Sementara itu APRIS menyerbu para pemberontak bersenjata RMS dan memusnahkan
kekuatan bersenjata tersebut dalam 6 bulan, sekalipun yang tidak dicatat di
sini, RMS mendapat dukungan dari serdadu bayaran Amerika Serikat.

>The Indonesian government, however, dismissed the offer of assistance by
>repeating previously stated reasons. The Commission sent a report of their
>attempts to secure a peaceful settlement, asking the United Nations Security
>Council to "reinforce the Commission's authority by calling upon the
>Indonesian Government to utilize the existing machinery for a peaceful
>solution of this problem which is provided by the presence in Indonesia of
>the United Nations Commission for Indonesia". The request by the Commission
>was debated in the Security Council on 30 October 1950, but the debate was
>adjourned and not resumed.
>On 5 December 1950, the Malukan forces were forced to withdraw to Ceram.
>These forces have continued to exist and to carry out limited military
>actions against the Indonesian forces. The United nations Commission for
>Indonesia ceased to exist in 1955.

Alan:
Setelah Indonesia menolak tawaran kedua, UN Commission for Indonesia
mengundang debat di Dewan Keamanan untuk melihat kemungkinan mendesak
Indonesia mengikut sertakan UN sebagai pihak ketiga untuk mengakhiri konflik
militer. Dewan Keamanan PBB TIDAK melanjutkan permintaan tersebut, sehingga
dapat disimpulkan bahwa DK PBB menyetujui bahwa kasus RMS adalah kasus
pemberontakan bersenjata biasa yang wajib di tumpas oleh Republik Indonesia.
Adalah wajar bagi setiap negara berdaulat untuk menolak campur tangan pihak
asing dalam kasus pemberontakan.

>The Malukan question is still unresolved.

Alan:
Ini lagi kesimpulan yang tidak jelas. What question, and how come it's
unresolved.
No question, RMS memberontak lalu ditumpas. Plain and simple.

>MALUKAN SELF-DETERMINATION
>The United Nations through its United Nations Commission for Indonesia, the
>government of Indonesia and the government of the Netherlands all promised
>the people of Maluku the opportunity to express their wishes regarding their
>governance and the international status of their country. The Round Table
>Conference Agreement and the earlier bi-lateral agreements clearly grant the
>Malukans the right to self-determination.

Alan:
Ini jelas salah. Round Table menyatakan dengan jelas: untuk menegosiasikan
hubungan istimewa dengan RIS dan Kerajaan Belanda. Bukan untuk membentuk
negara masing-masing semau sendiri.
Janji yang ada adalah untuk membentuk pemerintahan yang demokratis.
Setelah RIS dibubarkan karena seluruh unsur-unsurnya telah bergabung dalam RI,
sebenarnya Perjanjian Meja Bundar telah kehilangan salah satu pihak, dan
karena itu tidak lagi memiliki kekuatan dan legitimasi hukum.
Namun RI tetap menjalankan komitmen RIS dalam Meja Bundar, yaitu hanya 1:
mewujudkan demokrasi di Indonesia, bukan poin-poin detailnya. Hal ini sudah
diwujudkan dengan pemilu 1955. Bahwa kemudian dewan konstituante gagal, itu
masalah lain.

>....cut.....
>The summary execution (by firing squad) of the
>Malukan leader Dr. Chris Soumokil in 1966 further strengthened the resolve
>of the people and their military units to maintain the struggle. Repeated
>attacks by Indonesian authorities on Malukan culture and people since then
>also merely strengthen Malukan resolve.
>Because the Malukan people have the right to self-determination, the armed
>conflict that occurs periodically between Malukan forces and those of
>Indonesian should be considered a war of national liberation in exercise of
>the right to self- determination. In any case, the armed conflict is by
>applicable humanitarian law including the Geneva Conventions. Violations of
>human rights must, therefore, also be considered as violations of
>humanitarian law when relevant.

Alan:
Ini juga pembelokan besar. Seolah-olah ada armed conflict yang terjadi secara
periodik antara tentara RMS dengan RI. Padahal setelah 1950 tidak ada lagi
tentara RMS yang tersisa.
Dasar tukang tipu.

>OPINIONS ON MALUKAN SELF-DETERMINATION
>....cut.....

Alan:
Bagian ini cuma mengulang-ulang yang diatas, dimana semua argumen sudah
dijelaskan.

>INTERNATIONAL ACTION
>Since the demise of the United nations Commission for Indonesia there has
>been no regular effort by the international community to resolve the
>long-standing crisis in Maluku.

Alan:
Sehubungan dengan RMS, tidak ada "long-standing crisis in Maluku". Tipu lagi.

>According to basic principles of international law, the governments of both
>the Netherlands and Indonesia (the successor state to the Republic of the
>United States of Indonesia are responsible for and obligated to insure
>implementation of the Agreements,

Alan:
Republik Indonesia tidak berurusan dengan komitmen dalam Meja Bundar
sepenuhnya. Meja Bundar dibuat oleh pemerintahan Republik Indonesia Serikat,
dimana bagian-bagiannya antara lain adalah Republik Indonesia. Yang terjadi
selanjutnya adalah penggabungan seluruh negara bagian RIS kedalam Republik
Indonesia. Dengan demikian RI tidak terikat pada komitmen Meja Bundar, apalagi
setelah RIS dibubarkan. Karena sudah tidak ada lagi negara-negara bagian yang
disebutkan dalam perjanjian tersebut.
Perjanjian Meja Bundar antara kedua bangsa, RIS dan Belanda adalah bukan
urusan negara lain. RIS telah di bubarkan, sedang Belanda tidak keberatan sama
sekali dengan Republik Indonesia. Proses dekolonisasi Indonesia adalah proses
yang secara legal telah berakhir sejak lama. Jadi, Meja Bundar adalah sejarah.
Indah, penuh intrik, tapi tidak lagi memiliki kekuatan legal. Dokumen sejarah
adalah dokumen sejarah.

>including the peoples' right to self
>determination. As discussed above, the government of the Netherlands did
>express concern to the United Nations Commission for Indonesia at the time
>Indonesia was consolidating power as a unitary state in violation of the
>Round Table Conference Agreements. However, there has been very little
>action by the Netherlands government since, in spite of the unresolved
>situation of many Malukans still residing in the Netherlands.
>In 1994, the United Nations Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination
>and Protection of Minorities introduced a resolution on Indonesia
>mentioning, inter alia, the Moluccas and Acheh, but failed to take action on
>it.

Alan:
Tentu saja resolusi seperti itu gagal. Membicarakan dekolonialisasi RI yang
setengah abad yang lalu sama seperti menggugat bergabungnya Republik Texas ke
Amerika Serikat, dan menuntut diadakannya plebisit atau referendum bagi rakyat
Texas. Cuma orang bodoh yang mau mendengar resolusi seperti itu.
Atau mungkin Mrs Parker juga mau menuntut plebisit bagi rakyat Wales yang
dianeksasi oleh Duke of Normandy ? Idiot.

Jadi kalau bisa saya sesuaikan, imbauan Mrs. Parker:

Alan as writen by Mrs Parker:
At this point, the international community should act as follows:
1. Governments should communicate to USA that they do not recognize
United States of American sovereignty over Texas.
2. The United Nations Commission on Human Rights and its Sub- Communications
should, directly through specific resolutions and indirectly through the
reporting of thematic rapporteurs, address the situation in Texas,
including presentation of the numerous and very serious human rights and
humanitarian law violations perpetrated by the government of the United States
of America and
its forces in Texas.
3. The United Nations should address the situation in Texas as one of a
non-self-governing territory and should accordingly place Texas under the
trustee system of the United Nations until a plebiscite of Texas is held
which determines the wishes of the Texas people.
Funny huh ?? A little bit dumb.

>CONCLUSION
>The government of Republik Maluku Selatan was a legitimate government

Alan:
legitimate goverment ??? Tidak pernah ada pemilu RMS yang menunjukkan
persetujuan rakyat Maluku atas RMS. Sebaliknya, berkali-kali Republik
Indonesia telah melakukan pemilihan umum yang disertai oleh partisipasi penuh
rakyat Maluku. Termasuk dalam Pemilu paling demokratis di Indonesia tahun
1955. Ini merupakan petunjuk nyata keterlibatan seluruh masyarakat Maluku
dalam Republik Indonesia.

>and
>was wrongly overturned by the government of Indonesia.

Alan:
Pemberontakan ditumpas oleh pemerintahan resmi. Putra-putra Maluku sendiri
yang memimpin penumpasan pemberontakan tersebut.

>The Malukan people
>are entitled to the exercise of self-determination because this was
>explicitly granted them by history and express agreement of the governments
>of the Netherlands and Indonesia and acknowledged by the United Nations.

Alan:
RMS didirikan melawan perjanjian Meja Bundar. RMS secara sepihak, tanpa dialog
menyatakan memisahkan diri dari kerangka RIS yang disepakati oleh seluruh
komponen RIS (termasuk RI dan NIT) dengan Kerajaan Belanda dan disaksikan oleh
PBB.

>The
>government of Indonesia illegally occupies Maluku and should withdraw its
>people and military forces immediately. The people of Maluku should be given
>the opportunity to reorganize their government in Maluku or, if it is their
>wish, to indicate by plebiscite or other means of free choice, their wishes
>for their governance. The government of the Netherlands and the United
>Nations as a whole should carry out initiatives to restore the right to
>self-determination to the Malukan people.

Alan:
Keikutsertaan rakyat Maluku dalam pemilu sepanjang sejarah Republik memberikan
legalitas atas bergabungnya Maluku dengan Indonesia.

Akhir kata, sebenarnya dokumen sampah seperti yang ditulis Hon Mrs Parker ini
tidak perlu dibaca. Langsung saja di letakkan di tempatnya, di folder Trash.
Tapi demi pak Joshua, saya dengan berat hati menganalisa satu demi satu
omongan kosong Mrs Parker ini.

------------------------------------------------------------
Alan

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