Research councils and funding bodies are increasingly requiring evidence of adequate and appropriate provisions for data management and curation in new grant funding applications. A crucial part of making data user-friendly, shareable and with long-lasting usability is to ensure they can be understood and interpreted by any user. This means data needs to be readable, annotated, archived, managed and preserved in such a way that it can be retrieved and disseminated over the life-cycle of scholarly and scientific materials.

Funding Agencies

In 1999 the US Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-110 was amended to require Federal awarding agencies to ensure that all data produced under an award will be made available to the public through the procedures established under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA).

Of course, government funding agencies implement this requirement in various ways. Here are some basic guidelines driven by the major funders. Also, several journals and publishers are recognizing the need to cite data in articles. Here is a list of journals that have open data polices.

Below are links to major funding agencies and their data mandates:

See also: