AMA (American Medical Association) Style is primarily used in medical and healthcare-related fields. Alden Library owns several physical copies of the AMA Manual of Style. There are also some helpful, online tools that can be utilize to boast your AMA knowledge.
- The AMA Manual of Style’s official website has all sorts of helpful resources:
- Ask questions and get writing tips from AMA Style Guide is on Twitter! @AMAManual
Short and Sweet AMA Citation Help (10th edition):
Some general rules:
- Your references are listed as they are cited in your work (1, 2, 3, etc.)
- You make note of your references in-text by using a superscript at the end of your sentence or quote
- For information about proper quoting and paraphrasing, see the Plagiarism Information & Tutorial page
- When expressing value, all numbers should be in # form unless: the number is the first word of a sentence or less than 10
- Use initials for authors’ first and middle names
- If you have more than six authors, you include the first three authors in your reference followed by et al.
- Always include the DOI number of the article, if available; you can also include the PubMed Identification number (PMID) instead or the URL
- Journal titles should be abbreviated according to the National Library of Medicine (NLM)
|Blog||Note: Include the writer’s name, title/subject of the post, title of the blog, date of post, “Available at:” URL; followed by “Accessed” and the date you looked at it.
Gutierrez K. A Quick, No-Nonsense Guide to Basic Instructional Design Theory [internet]. Shift Disruptive Elearning. May 15, 2014. Available at: http://info.shiftelearning.com/blog/bid/345615/A-Quick-No-Nonsense-Guide-to-Basic-Instructional-Design-Theory/. Accessed June 28, 2016.
|Book||Modlin J, Jenkins O. Decision Analysis in Planning for a Polio Outbreak in the United States. San Francisco, CA: Pediatric Academic Societies; 2004.|
|Book Chapter||Note: Begin with the chapter author name, not with the name of the author of the entire book. Then give the title of the chapter; followed by “in” then name of the author/editor of the entire book; followed by “ed.” for Edited by; the title of the book; the publication information; year of publication; and the inclusive page numbers of the chapter.
Solensky R. Drug allergy: desensitization and treatment of reactions to antibiotics and aspirin. In: Lockey, P, ed. Allergens and Allergen Immunotherapy. 3rd ed. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker; 2004:585-606.
|Dissertation or Thesis||Fenster SD. Cloning and Characterization of Piccolo, a Novel Component of the Presynaptic Cytoskeletal Matrix [dissertation]. Birmingham: University of Alabama; 2000.|
|eBook||Fatemi SH, Clayton PJ, eds. The Medical Basis of Psychiatry. 3rd ed. Totowa ,NJ: Humana Press, 2008. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/ebooks/ebc/9781597452526. Accessed June 28, 2016.|
|Journal or Magazine Article (online)||Note: Sometimes there are no page numbers, volume numbers, etc. for online journal articles. If there are page numbers, list as seen below. If not, make note of how many pages the article makes up, so for this article it would look like–> 2013:e24.
Si L, Zhuang X, Xing W, Guo W. The cultivation of scientific data specialists: Development of LIS education oriented to e-science service requirements. Greenberg, Library Hi Tech. 2013;31(4):700-724. doi:10.1108/LHT-06-2013-0070.
Note: If there is no DOI, list the URL and when you accessed the article.
Si L, Zhuang X, Xing W, Guo W. The cultivation of scientific data specialists: Development of LIS education oriented to e-science service requirements. Greenberg, Library Hi Tech. 2013;31(4):700-724. http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/full/10.1108/LHT-06-2013-0070/. Accessed June 28, 2016.
|Newspaper Article||Weis R. The promise of precision prescriptions. Washington Post. June 24, 2000:A1. http://www.washingtonpost.com. Accessed June 28, 2016.|
|Video (online)||Note: Provide the author/creator only if you are sure that person/account created the video. Do not list the person/account posting the video.
What is information literacy. [Video]. YouTube http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yeopJX5jJV8. Published March 14, 2007. Accessed April 30, 2010.
Note: If you are unsure, treat the citation as having no author.
Slingshot fun. [Video]. YouTube http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CCmZYce0J2E. Published January 29, 2007. Accessed April 30, 2010.
|Website||Note: not all websites are structured the same, so list as many of the following as possible: author; name of the webpage/web article; name of the whole website; URL; date published; date updated; and the date you accessed the content.
Areas with Zitka. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Web site. http://www.cdc.gov/zika/geo/index.html. Updated June 22, 2016. Accessed June 28, 2016.
If you are doing a large research project you might want to use Zotero to save, format, and cite your sources.
Getting AMA into Zotero:
- Go to the Zotero Style Repository and search for: American Medical Association
- Click and Install
- Go to your Zotero window and click on Actions and then Preferences
- Ensure that in your Export, American Medical Association is selected as your Default Output Format
- Click OK and you are all set!